Peripatus Home Page  pix1Black.gif (807 bytes)  Paleontology Page >> Ediacaran Biota >> Ediacaran Taxa Updated: 18 Nov 2012 

Ediacaran Taxa


Abstract

This page provides full citations, where known, for published Ediacaran epithets encountered in the preparation of this web site, including both currently recognised valid genera and junior synonyms.

Keywords: Vendian, Ediacaran, taxa

Introduction

The following list of Ediacaran taxa is drawn from references I have come across in the course of preparing a general account of the Ediacaran biota. It is not intended to be comprehensive or even representative, but may provide a useful indication of the number and variety of Ediacaran taxa.

List of Published Names

Full citations for a number of published epithets are provided in the following table (table 1) which lists approximately 40 valid genera. Junior synonyms are also noted in the list. I do not know how many valid names of Ediacarans have been published (Clarkson 1993 notes "about 30" which is clearly an underestimate, even allowing for the date of his publication) nor of any objective definition by which we might determine what is or isn’t an "Ediacaran taxon".

Since no suprageneric classification has been widely agreed for many of these problematic forms, the table indicates the morphology of each taxon only by way of broad category.

 
 

Related Topics


Further Reading

Related Pages

Other Web Sites

 
 
Taxon Synonymy/Morphology
Albumares Fedonkin 1976  
Anafesta Fedonkin 1984  
Annulusichnus  

Annulusichnus regularis

 
Arborea Glaessner & Wade 1966, pp. 619 (? verify) Jnr. syn. of Charniodiscus

Arborea arborea (Glaessner 1959, p. 383) Glaessner & Wade 1966, pp. 619-620

See Charniodiscus arborea
Archaeaspis Ivantsov 2001, pp. 341-342 Junior homonym of Archaeaspis Repina in Khomentovskii & Repina 1965, p. 116

"Archaeaspis" fedonkini Ivantsov 2001, p.

See Archaeaspinus fedonkini.
Archaeichnum Glaessner 1963  
Archaeaspinus Ivantsov 2007, p. 115 Replacement name for Archaeaspis Ivantsov 2001, pp. 341-342
Archaeaspinus fedonkini (Ivantsov 2001) Ivantsov 2007, pl. 2, fig. 4
Bilateral? (not bilateral according to Ivantsov)
Arkarua Gehling 1987  

Arkarua adami Gehling 1987

 
Aspidella Billings 1872 Disk-shaped (radial symmetry)

Aspidella terranovica Billings 1872

Disk-shaped (radial symmetry)
Ausia Hahn & Pflug 1985  
Baikalina Sokolov 1972 Possible jnr. syn. of Ernietta
Beltanella  

Beltanella gilesi Sprigg 1947, p. 218

Probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica
Beltanelliformis Menner 1974 Possibly a jnr. syn. of Nemiana (verify)

Beltanelliformis brunsae Menner 1974

 
Beltanelloides  

Beltanelloides simplex [? Ryabenko et al. 1988]

 
Bomakiella Fedonkin 1985  
Bonata Fedonkin 1980  
Bradgatia Boynton & Ford 1995  
Charnia Ford 1958  

Charnia masoni Ford 1958

Frondose (two vanes)

Charnia wardi Narbonne & Gehling 2003, p. 30

Frondose (two vanes)
Charniodiscus Ford 1958  

Charniodiscus arborea (Glaessner 1959, p. 383)

Frondose (two vanes ?? check!)

Charniodiscus oppositus

 
Chondroplon Wade 1971 Possibly a jnr. syn. of Dickinsonia - see Hofmann 1988
Chondroplon bilobatum
Based on a single, incomplete specimen
Circulichnis [?Gureev 1986]  

Circulichnis montanus [?Gureev 1986]

 
Cochlichnus Hitchcock 1858  
Conomedusites  

Conomedusites lobatus Glaessner & Wade 1966, p. 608

Disk-shaped (tetrameral symmetry)
Cyclomedusa Disk-shaped (radial symmetry)

Cyclomedusa davidi Sprigg 1947

Probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica

Cyclomedusa delicata Fedonkin 1981

Probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica

Cyclomedusa gigantea Sprigg 1949

Jnr. syn. of Cyclomedusa davidi; thus a probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica

Cyclomedusa minima Fedonkin 1981

Probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica

Cyclomedusa minuta Fedonkin 1981 (verify not a misspelling of C. minima)

 

Cyclomedusa plana Glaessner & Wade 1966, p. 607

Probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica

Cyclomedusa radiata Sprigg 1949

Probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica
Dickinsonia Sprigg 1947, p. 221 (?) More or less bilateral (annelid?)

Dickinsonia brachina Wade 1972

More or less bilateral (annelid?)

Dickinsonia costata Sprigg 1947, p. 221

More or less bilateral (annelid?)

Dickinsonia elongata Glaessner & Wade 1966, p. 621

More or less bilateral (annelid?)

Dickinsonia lissa

 

Dickinsonia tenuis Glaessner & Wade 1966, p. 622

More or less bilateral (annelid?)
Didymaulichnus Young 1972  
Ediacaria Sprigg 1947  

Ediacaria booleyi Crimes, Insole & Williams 1995, pp. 100-103

 

Ediacaria flindersi Sprigg 1947, p. 215

Probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica
Eoporpita Wade 1972  
Ernietta Pflug 1970  
Glaessneria  

Glaessneria imperfecta Gureev 1987

Probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica
Glaessnerina Germs 1973 Probable jnr. syn. of Charnia (see Runnegar 1992)
Gordia Emmons 1884  
Hagenetta Hahn & Pflug 1988 Jnr. syn. of Beltanelliformis
Harlaniella Sokolov 1972  
Helminthoidichnites Fitch 1850  
Hiemalora Fedonkin 1982 Disk-shaped, with ?tentacles

Hiemalora pleiomorphus Vodanjuk 1989

 

Hiemalora stellaris (Fedonkin 1980) Fedonkin 1982

 
Inaria Gehling 1987 Pentaradial; possibly an early echinoderm

Inaria karli Gehling 1987

 
Intrites  
Irridinitus  

Irridinitus multiradiatus Fedonkin 1983

Probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica
Ivesia Boynton & Ford 1995  
Jampolium  

Jampolium wyrzhykoowskii Gureev 1988

Probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica
Khatyspytia Foliate/frondose?
Kimberella  

Kimberella quadrata

 
Kimberia Disk-shaped (radial symmetry)

Kimberia quadrata Glaessner & Wade 1966, pp. 611-612

 
Kuibisia  
Lorenzinites Glaessner & Wade 1966, p. 609 (?) Disk-shaped (radial symmetry)

Lorenzinites rarus Glaessner & Wade 1966, p. 609

Disk-shaped (radial symmetry)
Madigania <type sp> Sprigg 1949, p. 93 Jnr. syn. of Cyclomedusa ?sp?

Madigania annulata Sprigg 1949, p. 93

Jnr. syn. of Ediacaria flindersi; thus a probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica
Marywadea Glaessner 1976 Jnr. syn. of Spriggina
Mawsonia  
Mawsonites Glaessner & Wade 1966, pp. 607 (?) Disk-shaped (radial symmetry)

Mawsonites spriggi Glaessner & Wade 1966, pp. 607-608

Disk-shaped (radial symmetry)
Medusina  

Medusina asteroides Sprigg 1949, p. 90

Jnr. syn. of Medusinites asteroides

Medusina mawsoni Sprigg 1949, p. 89

Jnr. syn. of Medusinites ??
Medusinites Disk-shaped (radial symmetry)

Medusinites asteroides (Sprigg 1949, p. 90) Glaessner & Wade 1966, pp. 605-606

Disk-shaped (radial symmetry)

Medusinites filamentis Sprigg 1949

Disk-shaped (radial symmetry)

Medusinites paliji [?Ryabenko et al. 1988]

 

Medusinites patellaris Sokolov 1972

Probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica
Namalia Germs 1968 Jnr. syn. of Ernietta
Namapoikia Wood et al. 2002 Domal, tubular or sheet-like; fully biomineralised

Namapoikia rietoogensis Wood et al. 2002

 
Nasepia  
Nemiana Palij 1976 Jnr. syn. of Beltanelliformis

Nemiana brunsae (Menner 1974)

= Beltanelliformis brunsae
Neonereites Seilacher 1960  

Neonereites renarius

 
Nimbia Fedonkin 1980 Disk-shaped (radial symmetry)

Nimbia occlusa Fedonkin 1980, p. 8

Disk-shaped (radial symmetry)

Nimbia gaojiashanensis

Disk-shaped (radial symmetry)
Onega Fedonkin 1976  
Ovatoscutum Glaessner & Wade 1966, p. 612 (?) Disk-shaped (radial symmetry)

Ovatoscutum concentricum Glaessner & Wade 1966, pp. 612-613

Disk-shaped (radial symmetry)
Palaeohelminthoida Trace fossil: broad, meandering hypichnial ridges
Palaeopascichnus Palij 1976  
Paliella Fedonkin 1980  

Paliella patelliformis Fedonkin 1980

Probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica
Paracharnia Sun 1986  
Paramedusium  

Paramedusium africanum Gürich 1933

Probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica
Parvancorina Glaessner 1958  

Parvancorina minchami Glaessner 1958, p. 187

Bilateral
Persimedusites  

Persimedusites chahgazensis Hahn & Pflug 1980

 
Phyllozoon Jenkins & Gehling 1978  

Phyllozoon hanseni Jenkins & Gehling 1978

 
Planolites Nicholson 1873  
Planomedusites  

Planomedusites patellaris Sokolov 1972

Probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica
Podolimirus Fedonkin 1983  
Praecambridium Glaessner & Wade 1966, pp. 623 (?)  

Praecambridium sigillum Glaessner & Wade 1966, pp. 623-625

More or less bilateral
Protodipleurosoma  

Protodipleurosoma rugulosum Fedonkin 1980

Probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica

Protodipleurosoma wardi Sprigg 1949, p. 79

Probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica
Protolyella (Protolyellia? check spelling)  

Protolyella (Protolyellia? check spelling) asteroides (Sprigg 1949, p. 89) Harrington & Moore 1956, p. F155

Jnr. syn. of Medusinites asteroides
Protoniobia Sprigg 1949  
Pseudorhizostomites howchini Sprigg 1949 Disk-shaped (radial symmetry)
Pseudorhopilema chapmani Sprigg 1949 Disk-shaped (radial symmetry)
Pteridinium Gürich 1933 (something wrong with one of these two refs)  

Pteridinium simplex Gürich 1930, p. 637

Frondose (three vanes ?? check!)
Rangea Gürich 1929  

Rangea arborea ?Glaessner ??

Frondose (two vanes ?? check!)

Rangea grandis Glaessner & Wade 1966, p. 616

Frondose (two vanes ?? check!)

Rangea longa Glaessner & Wade 1966, pp. 614-616

Frondose (two vanes ?? check!)

Rangea schneiderhoehoni Gürich 1929

Frondose (two vanes ?? check!)
Redkinia Sokolov 1976  
Rugoconites Glaessner & Wade 1966, p. 611 (?) Disk-shaped (radial symmetry)

Rugoconites enigmaticus Glaessner & Wade 1966, p. 611

Disk-shaped (radial symmetry)
Sekwia [?Ryabenko et al. 1988]  

Sekwia kaptarenkoe [?Ryabenko et al. 1988]

 
Sellaulichnus Jiang 1982  
Skinnera Wade 1969  
Spatangopsis  
Spriggia Southcott 1958 Disk-shaped (radial symmetry)

Spriggia annulata (Sprigg ??) Southcott 1958, p. 59

Jnr. syn. of Cyclomedusa davidi

Spriggia wadea Sun 1986

Probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica
Spriggina Glaessner 1958 More or less bilateral (some argue Spriggina is frondose)

Spriggina floundersi

More or less bilateral (some argue Spriggina is frondose)

Spriggina? ovata Glaessner & Wade 1966, pp. 622-623

More or less bilateral (some argue Spriggina is frondose)
Stromatoveris Shu, Conway Morris & Han 2006, p. 733 Foliate with blunt stalk

Stromatoveris psygmoglena Shu, Conway Morris & Han 2006, p. 733

Foliate with blunt stalk
Swartpuntia Narbonne, Saylor & Grotzinger 1997 Frondose

Swartpuntia germsi Narbonne, Saylor & Grotzinger 1997

Frondose
Tateana <type sp?> Sprigg 1949, p. 86 Jnr. syn. of Cyclomedusa ?sp?

Tateana inflata Sprigg 1949

Probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica
?? Tentaculato  
Thectardis Clapham et al. 2004, p. 1031 Conical
Thectardis avalonensis Clapham et al. 2004, pp. 1031-1035
Conical
Tirasiana Palij 1976  

Tirasiana concentralis Bekker 1977

Probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica

Tirasiana coniformis Palij 1976

Probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica

Tirasiana disciformis Palij 1976

Probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica
Tribrachidium Glaessner 1959, p. 389 (?) Disk-shaped (triradial symmetry)

Tribrachidium heraldicum Glaessner 1959, p. 389

Disk-shaped (triradial symmetry)
Triforillonia Gehling, Narbonne & Anderson 2000, p. 451 Three-lobed (triradial symmetry)

Triforillonia costellae Gehling, Narbonne & Anderson 2000, pp. 451-452

Three-lobed (triradial symmetry)
Vaizitsinia Foliate/frondose?
Vendella Gureev Disk-shaped (radial symmetry); possibly a jnr. syn. of Beltanelliformis or Nemiana

Vendella haelenicae

 

Vendella larini Gureev 1987

Probable jnr. syn. of Aspidella terranovica
Vendia Keller 1969 Not bilateral?

Vendia janae Ivantsov 2001, p. 341

Not bilateral?

Vendia sokolovi Keller 1969

Not bilateral?
Vendoconularia Ivantsov & Fedonkin 2002 Six-faced cone
Vendoconularia triradiata Ivantsov & Fedonkin 2002
 
Vendomia Keller 1976 Not bilateral?

Vendomia menneri Keller 1976

Not bilateral?
Ventogyrus Ivantsov & Grazhdankin 1997 Described as "boat like"
type sp.?
 
Wigwamiella Runnegar 1991  
Windermeria Narbonne 1994 Dickinsoniid

Windermeria aitkeni Narbonne 1994

Dickinsoniid
Yelovichnus Fedonkin 1985  
Yorgia Not bilateral?

Yorgia waggoneri Ivantsov 1999

Not bilateral?
Table 1: Full citations, where available, for published Ediacaran epithets encountered in the preparation of this web site, including both currently recognised valid genera and junior synonyms. Wherever possible, full references are provided below.

References

Anderson, M.M. 1978: Ediacaran fauna. In Lapedes, D.N. (ed.) 1978: Yearbook of science and technology. McGraw-Hill, pp. 146-149.

Clapham, Matthew E.; Narbonne, Guy M.; Gehling, James G.; Greentree, Carolyn; Anderson, Michael M. 2004: Thectardis avalonensis: A new Ediacaran fossil from the Mistaken Point biota, Newfoundland. Journal of Paleontology 78: 1031-1036.

Clarkson, E.N.K. 1993: Invertebrate paleontology and evolution (3rd ed.) Chapman and Hall.

Crimes, T.P.; Insole, A.; Williams, B.P.J. 1995: A rigid-bodied Ediacaran biota from Upper Cambrian strata in Co. Wexford, Eire. Geological Journal 30: 89-109.

Fedonkin, M.A. 1980: Novye Predstaviteli Dokembriyskikh Kishechnopolostnykh na Severe Russkoy Platformy (New Precambrian Coelenterata in the North of the Russian Platform). Paleontologicheskiy Zhurnal 2: 7-15.

Fedonkin, M.A. 1981: Vendian White Sea biota. Akademie Nauka SSSR, Moscow 342: 1-98 [in Russian].

Fedonkin, M.A. 1990: Systematic descriptions of Vendian metazoa. In Sokolov, B.S.; Iwanoski, A.B. (eds.) 1990: The Vendian System. Vol. 1, Paleontology. Springer, pp. 71-120.

Ford, T.D. 1958: Precambrian fossils from Charnwood Forest. Yorkshire Geological Society Proceedings, 31: 211-217.

Gehling, J.G. 1987: Earliest known echinoderm - a new Ediacaran fossil from the Pound Subgroup of South Australia. Alcheringa 11: 337-345.

Gehling, James G.; Narbonne, Guy M.; Anderson, Michael M. 2000: The first named Ediacaran body fossil, Aspidella terranovica. Palaeontology 43 (3): 427-456.

Glaessner, M.F. 1958: New fossils from the base of the Cambrian in South Australia. Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Aust. 81: 185-188.

Glaessner, M.F. 1959. In Glaessner, M.F.; Daily, B. 1959: The geology and late Precambrian fauna of the Ediacara Fossil Reserve. Rec. S. Aust. Mus. 13: 369-401.

Glaessner, Martin F.; Wade, Mary 1966: The late Precambrian fossils from Ediacara, South Australia. Palaeontology 9 (4), pp. 599-628.

Gureev, Yu.A. 1986: O Perspektivakh Paleontologicheskogo Metoda v Stratigrafii. Kiev, USSR, Tektonika i Stratigrafiya, Naukova Dumka 27: 42-47.

Gureev, Yu.A. 1987: Morfologicheskiy Analiz i Sistematika Vendiat. Kiev, USSR, Akademiya Nauk Ukrainskoy SSR, Institut Geologicheskikh Nauk, Preprint 87-15, 54 pp.

Gürich, G. 1930: Über den Kuibisquarzit in Südwestafrika. Z. deutsch. geol. Ges. 82: 637.

Hahn, G.; Pflug, H.D. 1980: Ein neuer medusan-fund aus dem Jung-Präkambrium von Zentral Iran. Seneckenbergiana Lethaea 60: 449-461.

Hofmann, Hans J. 1988: An alternative interpretation of the Ediacaran (Precambrian) chondrophore Chondroplon Wade. Alcheringa 12: 315-318.

Hofmann, H.J.; Narbonne, G.M.; Aitken, J.D. 1990: Ediacaran remains from intertillite beds in northwestern Canada. Geology 18: 1199-1202.

Harrington, H.J.; Moore, R.C. 1956. In Moore, R.C. (ed.) 1956: Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part F, Coelenterata. Geol. Soc. Am.

Ivantsov, A. Y. 2007: Small Vendian transversely articulated fossils. Palaeontological Journal 41(2): 113-122.

Ivantsov, A. Y.; Fedonkin, M.A. 2002: Conulariid-like fossil from the Vendian of Russia: a metazoan clade across the Proterozoic/Palaeozoic boundary. Palaeontology 45: 1219-1229.

Ivantsov, A.Y.; Grazhdankin, D.V. 1997: A new representative of the Petalonamae from the Upper Vendian of the Arkhangelsk region. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal 31: 1-16.

Narbonne, Guy M. 1994: New Ediacaran fossils from the MacKenzie Mountains, northwestern Canada. Journal of Paleontology 68: 411-416.

Narbonne, Guy M.; Gehling, James G. 2003: Life After Snowball: The Oldest Complex Ediacaran Fossils. Geology 31(1): 27-30.

Nedin, C; Jenkins, R.J.F. 1998: The First Occurrence of the Ediacaran Fossil Charnia from the Southern Hemisphere. Alcheringa, 24: 315-316.

Palij, V.M. 1976: Remains of Soft-Bodied Animals and Trace Fossils from the Late Precambrian and Early Cambrian of Podolia. In Paleontologiyi i Stratigrafiya Verkhnego Kembriya i Nizhnego Paleozoya Yugo-Zapada Vostochno - Europeiskoi Platformy, 63-77.

Runnegar, B. 1992: Proterozoic Fossils of Soft-Bodied Metazoans (Ediacara Faunas). In Schopf, J.W.; Klein, C. (eds.) 1992: The Proterozoic Biosphere: A Multidisciplinary Study. Cambridge, pp. 999-1007.

Ryabenko, V.A. et al. 1988: Biostratigrafiya i Paleogeograficheskie Rekonstruktzii Dokembriya Ukrainy. Kiev, USSR, Naukova Dumka, 140 pp.

Shu, D.-G.; Conway Morris, S.; Han, J. 2006 in Shu, D-G.; Conway Morris, S.; Han, J.; Li, Y.; Zhang, X.-L.; Hua, H.; Zhang, Z.-F.; Liu, J.-N.; Guo, J.-F.; Yao, Y.; Yasui, K. 2006: Lower Cambrian vendobionts from China and early diploblast evolution. Science 312: 731-734.

Sprigg, R.C. 1947: Early Cambrian (?) Jellyfishes from the Flinders Ranges, South Australia. Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Aust. 71: 212-224.

Sprigg, R.C. 1949: Early Cambrian ‘Jellyfishes’ of Ediacara, South Australia, and Mt. John, Kimberley District, Western Australia. Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Aust. 73: 72-99.

Wood, Rachel A.; Grotzinger, John P.; Dickson, J.A.D. 2002: Proterozoic Modular Biomineralized Metazoan from the Nama Group, Namibia. Science 296: 2383-2386.

Zhang, L.Y. 1986: A Discovery and Preliminary Study of the Late Stage of Late Gaojiashan Biota from Sinian in Nianqiang County, Shaanxi. Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Xi'an Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources Bulletin 13: 67-88 [in Chinese with English abstract].


 Peripatus Home Page  pix1Black.gif (807 bytes)  Paleontology Page >> Ediacaran Biota >> Ediacaran Taxa